Thursday, 28 August 2014

Hot & cold borders around the World




Indian soldiers at the LOC
                                                 
Border lines blow hot and cold. We often read about ceasefire violations on the LOC on the western side of India, by Pakistan in different sectors, from time to time. There is constant tension on this border line separating India and Pakistan. Similarly there are border lines in other parts of the world too, some peaceful some dangerous hotpots. Now we hear about the skirmishes and hand to hand fights on the LAC between India and China. All the borders though defined is not adhered to by one of the countries which gives rise to tension and border disputes.

Com And Hosting


Every other day one hears news about ceasefire violation by Pakistan across the LOC (Line of Control). This is very unfortunate, for the single most important success of Indo-Pak peace process – ever since 2004 – has been the ceasefire across the LOC. Violation of the agreement creates a toxic environment, impending bilateral relations. It is crucial that existing agreements regarding the ceasefire are persevered by Pakistan and its army; must step back from the brink. Or else the volatile situation creates constant tension on both sides to the forces and the poor villagers living on both sides of the LOC separating India and Pakistan army.


Similarly there are many border lines in different parts of the world, with some quiet and peaceful, while others dangerous hotpots. And some others are just demarcation of two friendly countries. But border line indicate separations between two people or countries.

Radcliffe Line:
Sixty seven years ago on 15 August, the Radcliffe line separating India and Pakistan was published. Two nations, India and Pakistan were born. But with Pakistan occupying a part of Kashmir in 1948, made the line meaningless at least in Kashmir.

Durand Line 
Durand Line:
This refers to the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. It was demarcated by Sir Mortimer Durand Line. It is a very sensitive area prone to attacks on both sides. One often hears of firing and loss of life.

McMahon Line:
The border between India and China, named after Sir Henry McMahon, diplomat and soldier. China does not accept it and again this place is a hot spot. We read reports of Chinese intrusion into Indian territory very often and face off between the two armies. sometimes it leads to war-like situation.

McMahon Line
Oder Niesse Line:
Is the boundary between Germany and Poland, drawn after World War II. It is a peaceful border compared to others.

17th Parallel:
Marked the boundary between North Veitnam and South Veitnam before the two were united and it has seen much violence and loss of lives, and were involved in a bitter war between  the North Veitnamese and  South Veit Congs. Now they are united and one country.

Oder Niesse Line

Mannerheim Line:
Was drawn by General Mannerheim. It is the line of fortifications on the Russia-Finland border. it is a quiet border.

38th Parallel:
Is the name of the border between North and South Korea. A dangerous place with skirmishes happening between North  Korean Communists and South Korean army. However presently its peaceful.

38th Parallel

49th Parallel:
The boundary between USA and Canada runs roughly along with the latitude, separating the two North American countries.

Border line separates two people and two countries, and crossing the line is not easy, sometimes there are restrictions and you are not allowed to cross the line. Doing so at your own risk one can be shot or arrested. In many cases one needs a passport and visa to cross these lines.


Ayurved clinic - Turmeric Capsules--immuno-defense




  

MyPost


India joins US and China among world’s three biggest military spenders

The US, China and India were the world’s three biggest military spenders in 2019, arms watchdog Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPR) said . India’s defence expenditure rose by 6.8% to $71.1 billion. India’s tensions and rivalry with both Pakistan and China are among the major drivers for its increased military spending, SIPRI senior researcher Siemon Wezeman said.
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Picture Post:
The Golden temple at Amritsar, Punjab, India. 
The holiest place for Sikhs around the world.
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